A health condition when your immune system mistakenly attacks your body cells is called autoimmune disease. Our immune system typically protects us from foreign particles like bacteria, viruses, and many others by releasing an army of antibodies. Our immune system has been designed in such a way that it can differentiate between our body cells and foreign invaders. Still, there is some conditioner when we lose this ability which is called an autoimmune disease.
In autoimmune disease, our immune system mistakes part of our body, like joints, skin, and various other, as a foreign invader and releases a protein called autoantibodies that attack the healthy cells due to which those cells lose their ability to perform. There are various kinds of autoimmune diseases, and in some autoimmune diseases our immune system target only one organ (Type 1 Diabetes, it affects the only pancreas) and in some autoimmune disease our immune system target affects the whole body and the best example these kinds of autoimmune disease are systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Why Immune System Attack Own Body Cell?
The exact cause of immune system misfire is still unknown, and several researches are going to know why this happens. According to one study, conducted in 2004, women are more likely to get the autoimmune disease as compare to the men. Generally, the autoimmune disease started during the women childbearing years (ages 15 to 44).
Some autoimmune disease is common among certain ethnic groups. And the best example of this kind of autoimmune disease is lupus. This autoimmune disease affects more Africans-American and Hispanic people than Caucasians. Some specific types of autoimmune diseases like Sclerosis and Lupus are more common among families. Not everyone in the family suffers from the same illness, but they inherit a susceptibility to an autoimmune disease.
These days the incidence of autoimmune diseases is regularly increasing; then several researchers suspect the environmental factors like infection and exposure to chemical or solvents might also be involved.
Diet also plays an essential role in autoimmune diseases. And Western diet is the main suspected risk factor of the autoimmune disease. Eating high fat, high sugar, and highly processed food item are believed to be linked to the inflammation, which might set off the immune response, although it is not proved yet.
Types Of Autoimmune Disease
There are more than 80 types of autoimmune disease, but here we have listed a few crucial types of autoimmune disease which are
1. Type One Diabetes
The Pancreas produces insulin hormones which help in the regulation of blood sugar levels. In Type 1 Diabetes, the immune system release antibody against the insulin-producing cells in the Pancreas.
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
In this condition, the immune system attacks the joints. This attack causes redness, warmth, soreness, and stiffness in the joint. Thus it makes the movement painful. Unlike osteoarthritis, which affects people as they get older. Rheumatoid Arthritis can start as early as yours 30s or sooner.
Skin cells usually grow and then shed when they are not lower required. Psoriasis causes skin cells to multiply too quickly. New cell regularly generated and form inflamed red patches, commonly with silver-white scales of plaque on the skin
4. Graves’ Disease
It attacks the thyroid gland in the neck, which cause the production of too many hormones. Thyroid hormones control the body’s energy usage, called metabolism. Production of too much of these hormones revs up your body’s activities, causing symptoms like nervousness, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, and weight loss.
5. Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
In this health condition thyroid hormones production slows to a deficiency. The symptoms of this include weight gain, sensitivity to cold, fatigue, hair loss, and swelling of the thyroid.
Autoimmune Disease Symptoms
The early symptoms of many immune diseases are very similar such as
- Achy Muscles
- Swelling And Redness
- Low-Grade fever
- Trouble concentrating
- Hair loss
- Skin rashes
Different people have different and unique symptoms. For example, type 1 diabetes cause massive loss is bodyweight, extreme thirst, fatigue, and others. IBD cause belly pain, bloating and diarrhea. In some autoimmune disease like Psoriasis or Rheumatoid Arthritis, the symptoms come and go. The period of symptoms is called a flare-up. A period when the symptoms go away is called remission.